But he acknowledged that many fear government mismanagement. Taha Abdul-Ghani, a councilman in the western Anbar province, where the cities of Fallujah and Ramadi sustained heavy damage, said the government "is not able to reconstruct anything," and expressed hope that donor countries would step in to fill the void.
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But many donors may be reluctant to invest in Iraq, an oil-rich country that ranks among the most corrupt in the world, according to Transparency International. The watchdog recently warned that "corruption risks" in Iraq are exacerbated by the country's "weak capacity to absorb the influx of aid money. Many recall the billions of dollars that poured into Iraq after the U. Nearly 15 years on, residents of Baghdad, which was far from the front lines in the war against IS, still experience regular power blackouts and complain of poor public services.
After a recent visit to Mosul, Geert Cappelaere, the regional director of the U. But he said it must prove it can be held accountable, and must provide some of the funding on its own.
Iraq Seeks Aid to Rebuild After IS, but Donors Could Be Wary | Voice of America - English
A senior official at Iraq's Ministry of Housing, Reconstruction and Municipality said this time would be different. But he said this time, the "close follow-up, attention and right management" would lead to better results. The most urgent priority is to rebuild housing and infrastructure to allow the more than 2 million people displaced by the conflict to return home. But Cappelaere said sustained development will require a greater investment in the country's citizens. As long as Iraq does not prioritize investment in human capital, this country is going to go nowhere. Open main navigation Live TV.
Full Schedule. Live Radio. Live TV. English voanews. Learning English learningenglish.
Shqip zeriamerikes. Bosanski ba. Srpski glasamerike. Azerbaijani amerikaninsesi. Central Asia. South Asia. Bahasa Indonesia voaindonesia. Khmer voacambodia. Afaan Oromoo voaafaanoromoo. Bambara voabambara. By Summer of , oil and electricity levels returned to pre-invasion i. The United States Special Inspector General along with many Iraqi leaders judged the program to be a miserable failure. General Petraeus noted in May, that electricity levels have exceeded pre-war production; however, this statistic is misleading.
The estimated hours per day of electricity availability has shifted.
During the Saddam rule, Baghdad received electricity for between 16 and 24 hours per day with 4 to 8 hours received outside of the capital. Information from the Brookings Institution early indicates that Baghdad now receives electricity from 4 to 8 hours per day with the remainder of the nation receiving from 8 to 12 hours of electricity per day. Much of the efforts to rebuild Iraq's electrical infrastructure has been largely dependent on the repair and construction of transmission lines and substations by global engineering firms willing to work in hostile territories.
As of September , The electricity Ministry said approaching self-sufficiency and this year will mark the end of the crisis, and that hours in Baghdad and other provinces ranged from 24 hours during these days, as are eight provinces with 24 hours of electricity are Kirkuk and Babil, Najaf, Karbala, Missan, Thiqar and Muthana, along with exception of Kadhimiya City Holy walaazmet of outage. In relation to food and humanitarian aid, Iraq seems to have underscored in different ways. Very little has been achieved however, in relation to the socio-economic rehabilitation.
Iraqi people have sustained much more suffering prior to the invasion. It found that 15 percent of the total Iraqi population just over 4 million people is food insecure and in dire need of different types of humanitarian assistance, including food, despite the rations they are receiving from the Public Distribution System PDS. This is an increase from the estimated 11 percent 2.
Reconstructing Iraq: Where Do We Stand?
The May survey also indicated that a further 8. An earlier survey, conducted in July , found that acute malnutrition rates for children was nine percent overall, but with rates for children between 6 and 12 months old reaching 13 percent and 12 percent for those aged between one and two years. In , the WFP continues to provide emergency food provisions to about 1. The PDS is still a major contributor in stabilizing the food supply in Iraq. For the poor and food insecure, the PDS represents by far the single most important food source in their diet.
As of January ,   IRRF funded projects have resulted in the construction or rehabilitation of 21 potable water treatment facilities and smaller water systems. Major projects include the Nassriya Water Treatment Plant which will produce , cubic meters per day. A new water canal to supply clean water to Basrah and Thi Qar was completed in April This compares with the target capacity, at the completion of all IRRF funded water projects, of 2.
The water that actually reaches Iraqi citizens is difficult to determine because of significant water losses in the distribution systems. A modern landfill , built to international environmental standards, is planned for southwest Baghdad, with the capacity to handle 2, cubic meters of waste per day.
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The construction was halted prior to completion in November , due to security concerns. There has been some limited utilization of the landfill, however full utilization has not yet been implemented. Recent reports on waste collection ,  note that being a garbage collector may be one of the most dangerous jobs in Iraq. Most of the municipal workers who have been killed in Baghdad since have been waste collectors.
There are inadequate waste collection vehicles with only presently in service. Before the invasion there were working trucks. Most of the vehicles were destroyed or lost in the looting that seized the capital after the American invasion. The deputy mayor of Baghdad estimates the city needs 1, waste collection vehicles. Before the invasion, Iraqi crude oil production was about 2.
In Iraqi crude oil production averaged 2. The situation has been characterized by some Oil Ministry officials as chaotic, with one official stating "We do not know the exact quantity of oil we are exporting, we do not exactly know the prices we are selling it for, and we do not know where the oil revenue is going to. In Summer, , the nation's Parliament still had not produced a comprehensive "hydrocarbon law" oil law apportioning revenue between local governorates and the central government.
While oil production in early exceeded pre-war levels and continued to climb, disagreements remained among oil-rich regions, oil-poor regions, and the national government over contracting rights and revenue-sharing. Until the early s, Iraq's healthcare system was considered one of the most advanced in the Middle East. Following the Gulf War , it began to deteriorate.
Today, the Iraqi healthcare system has regressed to a chronic and smoldering condition. Infections are widespread, the infant mortality rate has surged, and medical shortages all threaten the once functioning medical system. However, the situation in Iraqi Kurdistan the three northern governorates with primarily Kurdish populations is quite different.
Due to their better stability, the Kurdish semi-autonomous area enjoys health care superior to that under Saddam. Health workers have not left the provinces for Syria or Jordan , as they have in sectarian Iraq, and new programs for continuing professional education in major Iraqi Kurdish cities reflect the optimism of the area.
With the primarily Sunni Al Anbar governorate to the west experiencing increased stability due to the U. It remains to be seen whether non-governmental organizations and the Shiite-dominated central Iraqi government will take advantage of the enhanced security to enact sustainable services and other improvements. Until late , the Ministry of Health had been apportioned by the new Shiite majority to politicians aligned with Moqtada Al Sadr, a minority Shiite party leader and head of a sect prominent in East Baghdad slums. Allegations abounded of abductions of Sunni patients, and Iraqi Security Force Army and Police patients, from their hospital beds.
The Inspector General was prosecuted for corruption, and the Facilities Protective Service FPS commander was dismissed for running a Mafia-like organization, contributing weapons and manpower to terrorist and other gangs. At the close of , a new Minister of Health, Saleh Al-Hasnawi, was appointed and began ministerial reforms. The Inspector General was replaced and a new openness was encouraged. At this conference, attended by professionals, NGOs and Provincial Reconstruction Teams from all over Iraq, he announced that Iraq would direct its own health reconstruction, funding it with Iraqi money according to Iraqi priorities.
Although there is still a place for external expert advice, the determination of the Iraqis to direct their own health development was clear. There are sparse data on the role of private practice in Iraq. Iraq has included health care as a constitutional right; as government-sponsored care becomes more accessible, the future of private practice will likely change, but it is an ingrained feature of the Iraqi healthcare fabric. In and , Iraq developed a Postal Code system which was not widely utilized. Both attempts tried to identify the street or delivery address, along with the Province and post office.
Unfortunately, both of these attempts had built-in limitations that would not allow for expansion and were much more complex than necessary. In , Iraq's Postmaster General, Mr. Some private sector developments have also been proposed. Tahrir Square was originally part of the central business district of Baghdad, and Phase I of the plan focuses on the redevelopment of this area. When finished, the "commerce, banking, medical, housing, broadcast and IT, exhibition, conventions and cultural centers" of which the plan is comprised would be occupied by up to one-half million people.
A smaller-scale proposal of Dr.
Ashkouri's is the Sindbad Hotel Complex and Conference Center ,  a high-rise hotel and movie theater complex which would be Baghdad's first skyscraper. Prevailing views are that political and social instability in the region are making such developments unduly risky, despite a high projected return on investment.
Security concerns during the survey and construction phases are currently a cost-prohibitive factor. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Infrastructure of Iraq. Main article: Electricity in Iraq. Main article: Health in Iraq. Iraq portal War portal.